Fentanyl is an opioid, which is a type of pain medication with a rapid onset that generally lasts less than an hour or two.
Fentanyl is available in a number of forms including injection, skin patch, or can be absorbed through the tissues inside the mouth.
Fentany is 100 times more powerful than morphine.
Fentanyl is a world health risk.
The side effects of fentanyl include nausea, constipation, sleepiness, and confusion.
More serious side effects include respiratory depression, serotonin syndrome, low blood pressure, addiction of course and ultimately death.
Fentanyl works by activating μ-opioid receptors and is 75 times stronger than morphine.
Some fentanyl analogues may be as much as 10,000 times stronger than morphine.
Fentanyl was first made by Paul Janssen in 1960 and approved for medical use in the United States in 1968.
Its structure is similar to pethidine (meperidine), which acounts for its opioid activity.
In 2015, 1,600 kilograms (3,500 lb) were used globally.
As 2017 drew to a close, fentanyl was the most widely used synthetic opioid.
Fentanyl patches are on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.
OMG did I just write that!
Unfortunately, Fentanyl is also often made illegally and used as a recreational drug mixed with heroin, cocaine, thc, and used in vapes as well.
In 2016 more than 20,000 deaths occurred in the United States due to overdoses of fentanyl and its analogues