A brief review of bone dynamics is included below to illustrate the relationship between mineral metabolism and hormones. Bone tissue contains cells that are responsible for bone formation and degradation of its matrix  (resorption). These cells (osteocytes) are dependent upon an adequate supply of nutrients. During times of growth and exercise a cell’s requirement for nutrients increases. The rate of bone formation remains constant throughout life. Long bones growth determines…
This program relies on the beneficial effects of exercise to prolong health. It depends on healthy, colorful food to fuel exercise and improve athletic performance. Female athletes as they age, need different strategies to counter the hormonal changes that occurs with it. Regardless of the age of the athlete, all females need to exercise and supply their bodies with the proper nutrients to support that exercise. Female athletes need to…
Premenstrual syndrome is a phenomenon that results in the cyclic recurrence of stress. The distress experienced interferes with the normal activities and interpersonal relationships of women. PMS occurs from two to ten days before menses begin. Symptoms of PMS More than a hundred and fifty symptoms are attributed to PMS. They include abdominal bloating, head and backaches, food craving (carbohydrates, sweets, and chocolates), fatigue, and irritability. Up to a third…